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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002 Apr 15;165(8):1107-12.

Pressure-volume curves in acute respiratory distress syndrome: clinical demonstration of the influence of expiratory flow limitation on the initial slope.

Author information

1
Medical Intensive Care Unit, and Department of Biostatistics, University Hospital Ambroise Paré, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne Cedex, France.

Erratum in

  • Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002 Dec 1;166(11):1517.

Abstract

The presence of an initial segment with a low compliance on the static pressure-volume (PV) curve in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) indicates that some lung compartments do not initially receive insufflated gas. We tested the hypothesis that an uneven distribution of time constants, producing a "slow compartment," was in part responsible for the change in compliance between the initial and the intermediate segment of the PV curve. In 16 patients with ARDS submitted to mechanical ventilation in volume-controlled mode with a supportive respiratory rate of 15 breaths/minute, we constructed the static PV curve on the first day of respiratory support and determined the intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPi4) during a prolonged end-expiratory pause (4 seconds). We also measured the volume of a "slow compartment" during a prolonged expiration (> 6 seconds), and determined an external PEEP (PEEPe) suppressing PEEPi4. Among the 16 patients studied, 11 exhibited a low inflection point, associated with a "slow compartment" of 172 +/- 83 ml, responsible for a PEEPi4 of 3 +/- 2 cm H2O. Conversely, the five remaining patients had a linear PV curve, associated with a minimal "slow compartment" of 28 +/- 10 ml, responsible for a negligible PEEPi4. We observed that individual slopes of the initial segment of the PV curve were inversely and significantly correlated with the proportion of the "slow compartment" (r = -0.85). We concluded that the shape of the inspiratory PV curve in ARDS might be dependent on the presence of a "slow compartment," and demonstrated that a low external PEEP appeared sufficient to achieve a substantial mechanical improvement in clinical practice.

PMID:
11956053
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.165.8.2106104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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