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Cell Signal. 2002 Jul;14(7):641-7.

Protein kinase C-dependent inhibition of the lysosomal degradation of endocytosed proteins in rat hepatocytes.

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Instituto de Fisiología Experimental-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Suipacha 570, 2000 Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina.


We studied the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the lysosomal processing of endocytosed proteins in isolated rat hepatocytes. We used [14C]sucrose-labeled horseradish peroxidase ([14C]S-HRP) to simultaneously evaluate endocytosis and lysosomal proteolysis. The PKC activator phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) inhibited the lysosomal degradation of [14C]S-HRP (1 microM PMA: 40% inhibition, P<.05), without affecting either the endocytic uptake or the delivery to lysosomes. However, PMA was not able to affect the lysosomal processing of the beta-galactosidase substrate dextran galactosyl umbelliferone. The PKC inhibitors, chelerytrine (Che), staurosporine (St) and Gö 6976, prevented PMA inhibitory effect on lysosomal proteolysis. Nevertheless, purified PKC failed to alter proteolysis in [14C]S-HRP-loaded isolated lysosomes, suggesting that intracellular intermediates are required. PMA induced phosphorylation and hepatocyte membrane-to-lysosome redistribution of the myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) protein, raising the possibility that MARCKS mediates the PKC-induced inhibition of lysosomal proteolysis.

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