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Cell Prolif. 2002 Apr;35(2):69-81.

X-irradiation effects on thymidine kinase (TK): I. TK1 and 2 in normal and malignant cells.

Author information

1
Department of Oncology, KFC, Huddinge University Hospital AB, S-141 86, Stockholm, Sweden. Qimin.He@onkpat.ki.se

Abstract

The effect of radiation on TK is more complicated than would be expected from earlier results on bone marrow cells (Feinendegen et al. 1984, Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 45, 205). TK activity increased at 0.01 Gy and then decreased up to 1 Gy in mouse spleen. In contrast to the results for the spleen, an increase in activity at 0.1 Gy was seen in mouse thymus. The activity of dephosphorylated TK1 (TK1a) in both spleen and thymus was reduced to 50% after irradiation at 0.5-1 Gy. The degree of phosphorylation (TK1b/TK1a ratio) changed in spleen, but not in thymus. The activity of TK2 in mouse liver increased at 3 h after 5 Gy by about 60%. In mouse ascites tumour, a dose-independent (1-5 Gy) oscillating TK1 activity was found up to 24 h, especially for TK1a and TK1b. The amount of TK1 was unchanged up to 12 h, but decreased at 24 h. This suggests that the differences in the changes in the degree of phosphorylation of TK1 after irradiation among spleen, thymus and ascites tumour further underline the complexity of the response of TK1 activity to irradiation. The dramatic change in the activities of TK1a and TK1b may illustrate that both of them are more radiosensitive than TK-h, a variant with mixed TK1 and TK2 properties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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