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Mod Pathol. 2002 Apr;15(4):462-9.

c-MYC activation in primary and metastatic ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas: incidence, mechanisms, and clinical significance.

Author information

1
Institute of Pathology, Universitätsklinikum Mannheim, Germany. christiane.schleger@path.ma.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

Amplification and overexpression of c-MYC is a common event in various neoplasias. Recently, comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) of primary pancreatic adenocarcinomas revealed a distinct high-level amplification of 8q23-qter, suggesting that c-MYC located on 8q24 may be a candidate oncogene. To evaluate the biological significance and prognostic value of c-MYC activation in pancreatic carcinoma, we performed interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemistry on a series of 69 primary pancreatic adenocarcinomas, 19 corresponding lymph node metastases, and 5 pancreatic intraductal lesions. Dual color FISH using a probe for c-MYC (8q24) and a centromeric probe for chromosome 8 revealed amplification of c-MYC in 32.3% and 29.4% of primary and metastatic tumors, respectively. Immunostaining identified c-MYC protein overexpression in 43.5% of primaries and 31.6% of metastases. Low concordance between positive FISH and immunostaining (13.4%) suggests multiple independent regulatory pathways of c-MYC activation. Statistical evaluation revealed significant correlation (alpha = 0.033) between c-MYC protein overexpression and histopathological tumor grade but absence of correlation with tumor stage or lymph node status. Analysis of pancreatic intraductal lesions showed c-MYC amplification and protein overexpression in two of five cases in which invasive carcinoma exhibited identical aberrations. We conclude that deregulation of c-MYC protein is common in pancreatic cancer and that it may be involved in early neoplastic development and progression rather than in locoregional spread of invasive cancer.

PMID:
11950922
DOI:
10.1038/modpathol.3880547
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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