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J Am Coll Surg. 2002 Apr;194(4):448-53.

Crohn's colitis: experience with segmental resections; results in a series of 84 patients.

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1
Department of Digestive Surgery, Bichat Hospital, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Colonic Crohn's disease can be treated surgically by total colonic resection or by segmental colonic resection. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of patients treated by segmental colectomy for colonic Crohn's disease.

STUDY DESIGN:

Among 413 patients undergoing operations for Crohn's disease, 84 had a segmental colectomy (cases of terminal ileitis with limited cecal involvement were not included). Postoperative complications, mortality, recurrence, and functional results were studied.

RESULTS:

Eighty-four patients (51 women, 33 men), with a mean age of 34 years, underwent operation (right segmental colectomy: 55%; left segmental colectomy: 40%; associated right and left colectomy: 5%). A stoma was established in 27 patients (32%). Operative mortality was zero. Twelve patients (14%) had postoperative complications (including six cases of anastomotic leakage). The mean and median followup times were 111 and 104 months, respectively (range: 15 to 276 months) for the 82 patients with followup available. Thirty-six patients had to undergo reoperation, and the mean time to reoperation was 4.5 years. Twenty-six of these patients suffered colonic recurrence and were treated by total colectomy (n = 9) or new segmentary resection (n 17). The only factor that correlated with the risk of recurrence was youth. At the end of the study, 13 patients still had a stoma. Seventy-five percent of the patients without stoma had less than three bowel movements per day, and 80% were fully satisfied or satisfied,

CONCLUSIONS:

There is no evidence of a higher risk of postoperative complications, surgical recurrence, or the requirement of a permanent stoma in patients suffering from colonic Crohn's disease who are treated according to a "bowel-sparing policy" compared with patients treated with more extensive resections published in the literature. Prospective randomized studies are needed to validate this observation.

PMID:
11949750
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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