Send to

Choose Destination
J Microbiol Methods. 2002 Jun;50(1):63-73.

Evaluation of redox indicators and the use of digital scanners and spectrophotometer for quantification of microbial growth in microplates.

Author information

Microbiology and Tumorbiology Center, Karolinska Institutet, Box 280, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.


The growth indicators 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC), 2-[4-iodophenyl]-3-[4-dinitrophenyl]-5-phenyltetrazolium chloride (INT), 2,3-bis[2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide inner salt (XTT), 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), and resazurin were tested for their ability to indicate bacterial growth/growth inhibition. Two reading devices were evaluated and compared, a microplate spectrophotometer and a digital flatbed scanner. The bacteria used in the study were cultivated in 96-wells microplates and readings were made after 24 h. The scanned pictures were analysed with a software developed in-house to generate numerical values. It was found that resazurin was difficult to use since it shifts between three colours. MTT and TTC had a high correlation between the spectrophotometer data and the data from the scanned images. The reproducibility was similar for both reading devices. In no case was there a need to resuspend the pellets before reading. Both the XTT and INT showed lower correlations. It is concluded that bacterial growth/growth inhibition can be easily and reproducibly measured from microplate cultivations with a flatbed scanner or with a microplate spectrophotometer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center