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Hepatogastroenterology. 2002 Jan-Feb;49(43):258-62.

Arterial and vena caval resections combined with pancreaticoduodenectomy in highly selected patients with periampullary malignancies.

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Centre de Chirurgie Viscirale et de Transplantation Hôpital de Hautepierre, Avenue Molière, 67098 Strasbourg, France.



To obtain a margin-negative resection and increase the indication for resection of periampullary malignancies, pancreaticoduodenectomy with a SM-PVR (superior mesenterico-portal vein resection) has been performed. However, an arterial resection, other vascular resections except SM-PVR (e.g., an inferior vena caval resection), or a metastatic tumor resection combined with pancreaticoduodenectomy has yet to be fully elucidated because of the high risk of postoperative complications and extremely poor long-term survival in patients undergoing these exceptional procedures. The present report focused on highly selected patients undergoing an arterial resection or a vena caval resection associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy.


Besides 31 patients with periampullary tumors undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy associated with SM-PVR in our department, a group of 4 patients underwent arterial resections and another patient underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with a resection of liver metastasis together with an inferior vena caval resection. These five patients were reported in the present study.


A 27 year-old-woman presented pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head and a liver metastasis in which involvements of the superior mesenterico-portal vein and the inferior vena cava were shown. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed with SM-PVR associated with a left hemihepatectomy combined with a segment 1 resection and an inferior vena caval resection. The patient did not present severe postoperative complications and experienced a good quality of life during 16 months after surgery. Four other patients underwent arterial resections. These arterial resections were performed only when a margin-negative resection was feasible. The superior mesenteric artery was resected and reconstructed with a Goretex graft in one patient. The right hepatic artery was resected and reconstructed with a saphenous graft in two patients. The other patient underwent a resection of the common hepatic artery and reconstruction was performed with the splenic artery. Three of the four patients presented postoperative complications but were conservatively treated. Two patients are still alive 25 months and 8 months after surgery. One patient died of sepsis 5 months after surgery, and the other died of cancer progression 19 months after surgery.


The indication for retropancreatic arterial resection associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy should be carefully evaluated only when a margin-negative resection can be achieved. An appropriate bypass method of arterial reconstruction should be selected because a direct end-to-end anastomosis is not always feasible. Hepatectomy for metastases of pancreatic ductal carcinoma should be also regarded as an exceptional procedure.

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