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Pathol Int. 2002 Feb;52(2):135-40.

Overexpression of MDM2 in a sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma: genetic, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study of a case.

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Division of Pathology, Central Clinical Laboratory, School of Medicine, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan.


Sclerosing epithelioid fibrosarcoma (SEF) is an extremely rare soft-tissue neoplasm. Here, we describe the molecular genetic alterations and histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of a primary SEF arising in the retroperitoneum. The tumor consisted of uniform small round to ovoid epithelioid cells, arranged in nests and cords and surrounded by a prominent hyalinized collagenous matrix. The tumor cells expressed only vimentin. Ultrastructurally, the tumor cells showed features of fibroblasts, with an abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum in the cytoplasm. Neither p53 gene mutations nor p53 protein overexpression were detected, but more than 70% of all tumor cells showed strong immunoreactivity with murine double minute 2 (MDM2). Our results suggest that MDM2 overexpression is likely to play a role in tumorigenesis in this lesion in p53-dependent or p53-independent pathways. To our knowledge, the present study is the first molecular genetic study of this rare lesion. Further studies will be necessary to clarify the molecular basis of tumorigenesis of this rare lesion.

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