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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Apr;34(4):643-50.

Chronic clenbuterol administration negatively alters cardiac function.

Author information

1
University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Chronic administration of pharmacological levels of beta2-agonists have been shown to have toxic effects on the heart; however, no data exist on cardiac function after chronic clenbuterol administration. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of therapeutic levels of clenbuterol on cardiac performance.

METHODS:

Twenty unfit Standardbred mares were divided into four experimental groups: clenbuterol (2.4 microg.kg(-1) twice daily 5 d.wk(-1)) plus exercise (20 min at 50% .VO(2max)) (CLENEX; N = 6), clenbuterol (CLEN; N = 6), exercise (EX; N = 4), and control (CON; N = 4). M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography (2.5-MHz sector scanner transducer) were used to measure cardiac size and function before and immediately after an incremental exercise test, before and after 8 wk of drug and/or exercise treatments.

RESULTS:

After treatment, CLENEX and CLEN demonstrated significantly higher left ventricular internal dimension (LVD) at end diastole (+23.7 +/- 4.8%; +25.6 +/- 4.1%), LVD at end systole (+29.2 +/- 8.7%; +40.1 +/- 7.9%), interventricular septal wall thickness (IVS) at end diastole (+28.9 +/- 11.0%; +30.7 +/- 7.0%), IVS at end systole (+29.2 +/- 8.7%; +40.1 +/- 7.9%), and left ventricular posterior wall systolic thickness (+43.1 +/- 14.%; +45.8 +/- 14.1%). CLENEX and CLEN had significantly increased aortic root dimensions (+29.9 +/- 6.1%; +24.0 +/- 1.7%), suggesting increased risk of aortic rupture.

CONCLUSION:

Taken together, these data indicate that chronic clenbuterol administration may negatively alter cardiac function.

PMID:
11932573
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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