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Br J Radiol. 2002 Mar;75(891):266-70.

Assessment of distortion in a three-dimensional rotational angiography system.

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Northern Ireland Regional Medical Physics Agency, Royal Victoria Hospital, Grosvenor Road, Belfast BT12 6BA, Northern Ireland.


The purpose of this project was to determine the degree of geometrical distortion in a three-dimensional (3D) image volume generated by a digital fluorography system with rotational image acquisition capabilities. 3D imaging is a valuable adjunct in neuroangiography for visualization and measurement of cerebral aneurysms and for determination of the optimum projection for intervention. To enable spatially accurate 3D reconstruction the system must correct for geometrical distortion in the image intensifier television system as well as for deviations in gantry motion. 3D volumes were reconstructed from 100 X-ray projections acquired over a 180 degrees arc over a period of 8 s. A phantom was constructed to assess geometrical distortion in the three dimensions. The phantom consisted of 1 mm diameter ball bearings embedded in Perspex in a cubic lattice configuration. The ball bearings were placed at 20 mm intervals over a 140 mm cubic volume. Distortion was assessed by taking measurements between points of known separation and using a differential distortion measurement. The maximum error in the 3D location of objects was found to be 1.4 mm, while the differential distortion was found to range from -1.0% to +2.3%. The 3D images were found to have negligible visual distortion, enabling subjective assessments to be made with confidence to aid intervention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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