Send to

Choose Destination
Biol Chem. 2002 Jan;383(1):115-26.

Activation of p38 MAP-kinase and caldesmon phosphorylation are essential for urokinase-induced human smooth muscle cell migration.

Author information

Laboratory of Cell Motility, Institute of Experimental Cardiology, Russian Cardiology Research Center, Moscow.


We have explored intracellular pathways involved in the urokinase type plasminogen activator (urokinase or uPA)-stimulated migration of human airway smooth muscle cells (hAWSMC). Using a set of uPA mutants we found that protease activity, growth factor-like and kringle domains of uPA differentially contribute to activation of p42/p44erk1,2 and p38 MAP-kinases. Consistent with our earlier data [Mukhina et al., J. Biol. Chem. 275 (2000), 16450-16458], the kringle domain of uPA was sufficient and required to stimulate cell motility. Here we report that uPA mutants containing the kringle domain specifically activate the p38 MAP-kinase pathway and actomyosin by increasing phosphorylation of the critical Ser-19 on the myosin regulatory light chain and MAP-kinase sites of the actin-associated regulatory protein caldesmon. While pharmacological inhibition of p38 MAP-kinase activation did not affect myosin light chain phosphorylation, it blocked the increase in caldesmon phosphorylation and uPA-stimulated migration of hAWSMC on a collagen-coated surface. We conclude that activation of p38 MAP-kinase and downstream phosphorylation of non-muscle caldesmon is essential for urokinase-stimulated smooth muscle cell migration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Sheridan PubFactory
Loading ...
Support Center