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Can J Gastroenterol. 2002 Mar;16(3):165-70.

Clinical experience with infliximab for Crohn's disease: the first 100 patients in Edmonton, Alberta.

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1
Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether the clinical efficacy and safety of infliximab in diverse clinical referral practices was similar to that seen in the randomized, controlled clinical trials.

METHODS:

Data were gathered from a review of charts of 109 consecutive patients with inflammatory and/or fistulizing Crohn's disease who received infliximab infusions. Responses were recorded based on the physician's global clinical assessment and classified as complete, partial or nonresponse.

RESULTS:

One hundred nine patients were treated with one to nine infusions of infliximab at a dose of 5 mg/kg and followed up for a median of 24 weeks (range one to 40 weeks). Fifty-four patients were treated for inflammatory disease, 38 for fistulizing disease and 17 for both. Clinical response occurred in 73% (17% complete response, 55% partial response). The clinical response rate did not vary relative to patient demographics, disease distribution, indication for infliximab, or the concomitant use of corticosteroids or immune modifiers. For those taking concomitant immune modifiers, the response rate was 75%. The median time to response was two weeks (range one to six weeks). The median duration of response was 12 weeks (range six to 88 weeks). Reduction or cessation of steroids was possible in 17 of 32 patients. Adverse events related to infliximab occurred in 7% of patients. These events were characterized as mild and did not require stoppage of infliximab therapy, except in one patient who had a treatable anaphylactic-like infusion reaction.

CONCLUSIONS:

The patient group in the present study realized significant clinical benefit, with minimal adverse effects, following treatment with infliximab. Clinical response rates paralleled those previously described in placebo controlled trials and retrospective clinical practice reviews. Nevertheless, the complete response rate (ie, remission) in this patient group was lower than that previously described.

PMID:
11930194
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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