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Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2002 Feb;53(6):453-9.

Hepatic lysosomal enzymes activity and liver morphology after short-time omeprazole administration.

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Human Anatomy Department, Medical University of Lublin, Poland.


The aim of the study was to establish the influence of short-time omeprazole administration on liver function and morphology. Omeprazole was administered intraperitoneally, twice daily, for 3 days to male Wistar rats in two doses: 0.571 mg/kg and 5.71 mg/kg. Control animals were treated with physiological saline. Half of the animals were sacrificed 12 hours after the last injection. The remaining rats were raised for another 6 weeks, without any xenobiotics, and sacrificed on the 47th day of the experiment. The activity of free and bound fractions of hepatic acid phosphatase, beta-galactosidase, beta-N-acetyl-glucosaminidase, cathepsin B, D and L, lipase, and sulphatase were determined spectrophotometrically in homogenates of the liver. The liver sections were examined by light microscopy with hematoxylin-eosin, azan, and periodic acid-Schiff stains. Marginally significant (p < 0.1) differences in activity of free sulphatase fraction, and free and bound fractions of beta-galactosidase were found in animals exposed to the higher dose of omeprazole and sacrificed 12 hours after the last injection. Enzymatic profiles were normalised during the next 6 weeks. Histological evaluation revealed small degenerative and adaptive changes in all examined groups. It could be concluded that observed differences of hepatic lysosomal enzyme activities were the result of accompanied chemical-induced peritonitis as previously reported, and not a direct drug-toxic effect.

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