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Hum Cell. 2001 Dec;14(4):261-6.

[Gene expression profiling of human ovarian epithelial tumors by digo nucleotide microarray].

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yamagata Prefectural Central Hospital.


Gene expression of human ovarian carcinoma cell lines and epithelial ovarian tumors was examined by oligonucleotide microarray for about 6000 human cDNAs. (1) Comparison of gene expression between CDDP-sensitive human ovarian serous adenocarcinoma cell lines and CDDP-resistant cell lines revealed that gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase, glutathione peroxidase-like protein, dehydrogenase (UGDH), NAD(P)H: quinoneoxireductase, glucose-6-phosphatase, ornithine decarboxylase and dihydrodiol dehydrogenase were associated with a mechanism of CDDP-resistance. Comparison of gene expression between taxol-sensitive human ovarian cell lines and taxol-resistant cell lines showed that up-regulation of 30 kinds of gene expression including MDR and semaphorin E in taxol-resistant cell lines. (2) Comparison of gene expression among serous adenocarcinomas, clear cell adenocarcinomas and non-cancerous ovarian tissues by hierarchical clustering demonstrated that clear difference between carcinomas and non-cancerous ovarian tissues but not obvious difference between serous and clear adenocarcinomas. Genes that were up- and down-regulated specifically in these two types of ovarian carcinomas were further selected by the criteria that difference in the mRNA level by more than 4-fold between tumors and non-cancerous tissues. Tissue type specific alterations of gene expression are likely to play important roles in the carcinogenesis of epithelial ovarian tumors. cDNA microarray is a powerful and high-throughput tool to analyze gene expression of cancer development.

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