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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jun 14;277(24):21650-6. Epub 2002 Mar 29.

Role of the proline-rich domain of dynamin-2 and its interactions with Src homology 3 domains during endocytosis of the AT1 angiotensin receptor.

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Department of Physiology, Semmelweis University, Faculty of Medicine, H-1088 Budapest, Hungary.


In nonneural tissues, the dynamin-2 isoform participates in the formation of clathrin-coated vesicles during receptor endocytosis. In this study, the mechanism of dynamin-2 action was explored during endocytosis of the G protein-coupled AT1A angiotensin receptor expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Dynamin-2 molecules with mutant pleckstrin homology domains or deleted proline-rich domains (PRD) exerted dominant negative inhibition on the endocytosis of radiolabeled angiotensin II. However, only the PRD mutation interfered with the localization of the dynamin-2 molecule to clathrin-coated pits and reduced the inhibitory effect of the GTPase-deficient K44A mutant dynamin-2. Green fluorescent protein-tagged Src homology 3 (SH3) domains of endophilin I and amphiphysin II, two major binding partners of dynamins, also inhibited AT1A receptor-mediated endocytosis of angiotensin II. These effects were partially or fully, respectively, restored by the overexpression of dynamin-2. Transient overexpression of these SH3 domains also reduced the localization of dynamin-2 to clathrin-coated pits. These data indicate that, similar to the recruitment of dynamin-1 during the recycling of synaptic vesicles, interaction of the dynamin-2 PRD with SH3 domains of proteins such as the amphiphysins and endophilins is essential for AT1A receptor endocytosis. This mechanism could be of general importance in dynamin-dependent endocytosis of other G protein-coupled receptors in nonneural tissues.

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