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J Biol Chem. 2002 Aug 30;277(35):32020-8. Epub 2002 Mar 29.

Identification and characterization of HIPK2 interacting with p73 and modulating functions of the p53 family in vivo.

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Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Bioscience, Sejong University, Seoul, 143-747 Korea.


To study the biological role of p73 alpha, a member of the p53 tumor suppressor family, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen of a human cDNA library. Using a p73 alpha fragment consisting of amino acids 49-636 as bait, we found that p73 alpha is functionally associated with the human homologue of mouse and hamster homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2). The hamster homologue, also known as haHIPK2 or PKM, was used for further characterization of interactions between HIPK2 and members of the p53 protein family. Systematic yeast two-hybrid assays indicated a physical interaction between the oligomerization domains of p73 alpha and p53 (amino acid regions 345-380 and 319-360, respectively) and amino acid region 812-907 of haHIPK2. This region of haHIPK2 includes a PEST sequence, an Ubc9-binding domain, and a partial speckle retention sequence and is identical to amino acid residues 846-941 of human HIPK2 (hHIPK2). The interaction was confirmed by glutathione S-transferase pull-down assays in vitro and immunoprecipitation assays in vivo. HIPK2 colocalized with p73 and p53 in nuclear bodies, as shown by confocal microscopy. Overexpression of HIPK2 stabilized the p53 protein and greatly increased the p73- and p53-induced transcriptional repression of multidrug-resistant and collagenase promoters in Saos2 cells but had little effect on the p73- or p53-mediated transcriptional activation of synthetic p53-responsive and p21WAF1 promoters. Stable expression of HIPK2 in U2OS cells enhanced the cisplatin response of sub-G(1) and G(2)/M populations, and it also increased the apoptotic response to cisplatin and adriamycin as demonstrated by fluorescence-activated cell sorter and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole-staining analyses. HIPK2 potentiated the inhibition of colony formation by p73 and p53. These results suggest that physical interactions between HIPK2 and members of the p53 family may determine the roles of these proteins in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis.

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