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Anal Chem. 2002 Mar 1;74(5):1046-53.

Fluorescence-labeled peptide pI markers for capillary isoelectric focusing.

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Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Teikyo University, Sagamiko, Kanagawa, Japan.


Nineteen fluorescent pH standards or pI markers ranging pH 3.64-10.12 were developed for use in capillary isoelectric focusing using laser-induced fluorescence detection. Tetra- to tridecapeptides containing one cysteine residue were designed to focus sharply at their respective isoelectric points by including amino acids that contain charged side chains, the pKa values of which are close to the corresponding pI values. An iodoacetylated derivative of tetramethylrhodamine was coupled to the thiol group of cysteine to yield fluorescent pI markers. The pI values of the labeled peptides were precisely determined after isoelectric focusing on polyacrylamide gel slabs by direct measurement of the pH of the focused bands. The markers were subjected to capillary isoelectric focusing for 10-15 min in coated capillaries under conditions of low electroosmosis and were detected by means of a scanning laser-induced fluorescence detector down to a level of subpicomolar range. The markers permitted the calibration of a wide-range pH gradient formed in a capillary by fluorescence detection for the first time and should facilitate the development of highly sensitive analytical methods based on a combination of capillary isoelectric focusing and laser-induced fluorescence detection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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