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Mol Endocrinol. 2002 Apr;16(4):757-73.

The nuclear receptor coactivators p300/CBP/cointegrator-associated protein (p/CIP) and transcription intermediary factor 2 (TIF2) differentially regulate PKA-stimulated transcriptional activity of steroidogenic factor 1.

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Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Bergen, N-5009 Bergen, Norway.


Steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that plays essential roles in the development of endocrine organs. Steroid receptor coactivator 1 and transcription intermediary factor 2 (TIF2) belong to the p160 coactivator family that mediates transcriptional activation by several nuclear receptors, including SF-1. Here, it is reported that another of the p160 coactivators, p/CIP, interacts with SF-1 through the activation function-2 domain. Both p300/CBP/cointegrator-associated protein (p/CIP) and TIF2 potentiated SF-1-mediated transcription from two reporter gene constructs in transfected nonsteroidogenic COS-1 cells and in adrenocortical Y1 cells. PKA was shown to stimulate SF-1 transcriptional activity, and coexpression of p/CIP together with the PKA catalytic subunit stimulated SF-1-mediated transactivation even further. In contrast, PKA catalytic subunit overexpression impaired the ability of TIF2 to potentiate SF-1-dependent transcription. Activation of PKA also inhibited the TIF2-mediated coactivation of other nuclear receptors such as PPAR alpha/-gamma and liver X receptor-alpha. The TIF2 mRNA levels were not affected by PKA, but instead we found that PKA activation led to a decrease in the levels of TIF2 protein. Moreover, the C-terminal activation domain 2 of TIF2 was required for the inhibitory effect of PKA, suggesting that this region is the target for the PKA-mediated down-regulation. Thus, in contrast to the regulation of p/CIP and steroid receptor coactivator 1, we suggest that activation of PKA leads to selective down-regulation of TIF2 and subsequently repression of TIF2 coactivator function.

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