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J Biol Chem. 2002 May 31;277(22):20041-50. Epub 2002 Mar 28.

Characterization of type II phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase isoforms reveals association of the enzymes with endosomal vesicular compartments.

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  • 1Endocrinology and Reproduction Research Branch, NICHD, and Laboratory of Host Defenses, NIAID, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol (PI) to PI 4-phosphate is one of the key reactions in the production of phosphoinositides, lipid regulators of several cellular functions. This reaction is catalyzed by multiple enzymes that belong either to the type II or the type III family of PI 4-kinases. Type III enzymes are structurally similar to PI 3-kinases and are sensitive to PI 3-kinase inhibitors. In contrast, the recent cloning of the first type II PI 4-kinase enzyme defined a novel enzyme family. Here we characterize a new member of this family, the type IIbeta enzyme that has been identified in the NCBI data base based on its homology to the first-cloned type IIalpha enzyme. The type IIbeta enzyme has a primary transcript size of approximately 3.8 kb and shows wide tissue distribution. It contains an open reading frame of 1.4 kb, encoding a protein of approximately 54 kDa. Sequence comparison reveals a high degree of similarity to the type IIalpha enzyme within the C-terminal catalytic domain but significantly lower homology within the N-terminal region. Expression of both enzyme yields increased PI 4-kinase activity that is associated with the microsomal membrane fractions and is significantly lower for the type IIbeta than the type IIalpha form. Both enzymes use PI as their primary substrate and have no detectable activity on PI monophosphates. Epitope-tagged as well as green fluorescent protein-tagged forms of both enzymes localize primarily to intracellular membranes and show prominent co-localization with early endosomes and recycling endosomes but not with the Golgi. These compartments participate in the processing of both the transferrin receptor and the G protein-coupled AT(1A) angiotensin receptor. Our data indicate the existence of multiple forms of type II PI 4-kinase in mammalian cells and suggest that their functions are related to the endocytic pathway.

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