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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Jan 30;1580(1):9-21.

Functional implications of post-translational modifications of phospholipases D1 and D2.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232-0295, USA.


Our previous studies showed that truncation of the N-terminal 168 amino acids of rat brain phospholipase D1 (rPLD1) abolishes its response to protein kinase C (PKC) and greatly diminishes its palmitoylation and Ser/Thr phosphorylation. In this study, we show that the response to PKC as well as the palmitoylation and Ser/Thr phosphorylation were restored when the truncated rPLD1 mutant (rPLD1(DeltaN168)) was coexpressed with a fragment containing the N-terminal 168 amino acids. Immunoprecipitation experiments showed that the N-terminal fragment associated with rPLD1(DeltaN168) when coexpressed in COS 7 cells and that palmitoylation of Cys(240) and Cys(241) was not necessary for the association. In addition, we found that rat PLD2 (rPLD2) was palmitoylated on Cys(223) and Cys(224) in COS 7 cells. Mutation of both these cysteines reduced the basal activity of rPLD2, however its response to PMA stimulation in vivo was retained. As in the case of rPLD1, loss of palmitoylation weakened membrane association of rPLD2. In summary, the N-terminal 168-amino-acid fragment of rPLD1 can associate with truncated rPLD1(DeltaN168) to restore its palmitoylation, Ser/Thr phosphorylation and PKC response. Although rPLD2 differs from rPLD1 in many properties, it is palmitoylated at the corresponding conserved cysteine residues in COS 7 cells.

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