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Exp Neurol. 2002 Apr;174(2):253-8.

Amyloid beta-peptide decreases neuronal glucose uptake despite causing increase in GLUT3 mRNA transcription and GLUT3 translocation to the plasma membrane.

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Department of Biomedical Sciences, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA.


Amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) has been shown to impair glucose uptake in cultured hippocampal neurons and shortens their survival time. Abeta appears to inhibit neuronal glucose uptake by activating Gs-coupled receptors and the cAMP-PKA system. In this study, Abeta inhibition of neuronal glucose uptake was studied by assaying translocation of glucose transporter isoform GLUT3, transcription of GLUT3 mRNA, and fusion of GLUT3-containing vesicles with the plasma membrane. Cultured hippocampal neurons exposed to 10 microM Abeta25-35 or Abeta1-40 for 3 or 24 h showed a significant decrease in glucose uptake. To assess the regulatory role of Abeta on neuronal glucose uptake, translocation of GLUT3 from the cytosol to the plasma membrane was studied by the plasma membrane lawn assay and transcription of GLUT3 mRNA by in situ hybridization. In spite of a decrease in glucose uptake, Abeta25-35 and Abeta1-40 (10 microM) markedly promoted GLUT3 translocation to the plasma membrane by 30 min. Abeta25-35 also up-regulated transcription of GLUT3 mRNA by 12 h. High extracellular K(+) increased immunolabeling of the exofacial (i.e., extracellular) epitope of GLUT3 at the plasma membrane and Abeta25-35 inhibited this increase. Based on these data we propose that Abeta increases translocation of GLUT3-containing vesicles, but inhibits their fusion with the plasma membrane.

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