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Am J Public Health. 2002 Apr;92(4):646-54.

Increasing use of mammography among older, rural African American women: results from a community trial.

Author information

1
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, CB #7400, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400, USA. jearp@sph.unc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

A community trial was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of the North Carolina Breast Cancer Screening Program, a lay health advisor network intervention intended to increase screening among rural African American women 50 years and older.

METHODS:

A stratified random sample of 801 African American women completed baseline (1993-1994) and follow-up (1996-1997) surveys. The primary outcome was self-reported mammography use in the previous 2 years.

RESULTS:

The intervention was associated with an overall 6 percentage point increase (95% confidence interval [CI] = -1, 14) in community-wide mammography use. Low-income women in intervention counties showed an 11 percentage point increase (95% CI = 2, 21) in use above that exhibited by low-income women in comparison counties. Adjustment for potentially confounding characteristics did not change the results.

CONCLUSIONS:

A lay health advisor intervention appears to be an effective public health approach to increasing use of screening mammography among low-income, rural populations.

PMID:
11919066
PMCID:
PMC1447131
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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