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Diabetes. 2002 Apr;51(4):943-50.

Long-term treatment with the dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor P32/98 causes sustained improvements in glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, hyperinsulinemia, and beta-cell glucose responsiveness in VDF (fa/fa) Zucker rats.

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1
Department of Physiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Abstract

The incretins, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) are responsible for >50% of nutrient-stimulated insulin secretion. After being released into the circulation, GIP and GLP-1 are rapidly inactivated by the circulating enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV). The use of DP IV inhibitors to enhance these insulinotropic hormonal axes has proven effective on an acute scale in both animals and humans; however, the long-term effects of these compounds have yet to be determined. Therefore, we carried out the following study: two groups of fa/fa Zucker rats (n = 6 each) were treated twice daily for 3 months with the DP IV inhibitor P32/98 (20 mg.kg(-1).day(-1), p.o.). Monthly oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs), performed after drug washout, revealed a progressive and sustained improvement in glucose tolerance in the treated animals. After 12 weeks of treatment, peak OGTT blood glucose values in the treated animals averaged 8.5 mmol/l less than in the controls (12.0 +/- 0.7 vs. 20.5 +/- 1.3 mmol/l, respectively). Concomitant insulin determinations showed an increased early-phase insulin response in the treated group (43% increase). Furthermore, in response to an 8.8 mmol/l glucose perfusion, pancreata from controls showed no increase in insulin secretion, whereas pancreata from treated animals exhibited a 3.2-fold rise in insulin secretion, indicating enhanced beta-cell glucose responsiveness. Also, both basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake were increased in soleus muscle strips from the treated group (by 20 and 50%, respectively), providing direct evidence for an improvement in peripheral insulin sensitivity. In summary, long-term DP IV inhibitor treatment was shown to cause sustained improvements in glucose tolerance, insulinemia, beta-cell glucose responsiveness, and peripheral insulin sensitivity, novel effects that provide further support for the use of DP IV inhibitors in the treatment of diabetes.

PMID:
11916911
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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