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Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2002 Mar;111(3 Pt 1):267-74.

Longitudinal and cross-sectional phenotype analysis in a new, large Dutch DFNA2/KCNQ4 family.

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  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Medical Center St Radboud Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


We analyzed hearing thresholds, speech recognition scores, and vestibular responses in 32 affected persons in a large family with DFNA2/KCNQ4-related hearing impairment caused by a W276S missense mutation. Linear regression analysis of individual longitudinal data revealed significant threshold progression (1 dB/y) and offset (at age zero). The mean offset thresholds were 5, 21, 40, 39, 31, and 51 dB hearing level (HL) at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 kHz, respectively. Cross-sectional analysis of last-visit thresholds against age produced less-steep slopes and higher offset thresholds. Nonlinear regression analysis of last-visit phoneme recognition scores against age in 25 cases showed that speech recognition did not deteriorate before the third decade. A hyperactive vestibuloocular reflex was found in 3 of 11 cases: 2 persons were especially susceptible to motion sickness. Persons with this KCNQ4 mutation showed congenital, progressive high-frequency impairment without substantial loss of speech recognition during the first decades of life.

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