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Psychosom Med. 2002 Mar-Apr;64(2):337-44.

Socioeconomic status and health: the role of sleep.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, George Washington University, 2125 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20052, USA. pjmoore@gwu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Examine the role of sleep in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health.

METHOD:

Self-reported measures of income and education, sleep quantity and quality, and mental and physical health were obtained in a community sample of 1139 adults.

RESULTS:

More education was associated with higher income (p <.001), and higher income was associated with better physical health (p <.001) and psychological outcomes (p <.001). The effects of income on both mental and physical health were mediated by sleep quality (p values <.01), and sleep quantity was related to both measures of health (p values <.01) but to neither index of SES.

CONCLUSION:

Sleep quality may play a mediating role in translating SES into mental and physical well-being, and income seems to mediate the effect of education on sleep and, in turn, health.

PMID:
11914451
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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