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Int J Biol Macromol. 2002 Apr 8;30(2):105-11.

Monomer composition and sequence of alginates from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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Institut für Chemie, Universität Duisburg, 47048 Duisburg, Germany.


Alginates from four strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, one mucoid strain isolated from a technical water system, one strain isolated from a patient with cystic fibrosis and two mutants of this strain with a defect which affects the O-acetylation of the extracellular alginate, have been isolated and analysed for monomer composition and sequence by 13C-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The detected contributions of different monomer triplets (triads) were compared with values expected from a statistical chain constitution based on the given monomer ratio. While a typical algal alginate presents a nearly statistical distribution of uronic acids in the polymer chain, a strong deviation from the statistical arrangement of mannuronate (M) and guluronate (G) was found in the alginate of the mucoid strains of P. aeruginosa, being most expressed for the triad MMM. This feature is partially lost in the alginate from the mutant strains, indicating that the O-acetylation is linked to a mechanism which takes influence on the chain sequence. The strong preference for MG-pairs in the parent strain of P. aeruginosa may be connected to a stronger binding of cations in the MG-vicinity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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