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Immunity. 2002 Mar;16(3):331-43.

Vav1 controls integrin clustering and MHC/peptide-specific cell adhesion to antigen-presenting cells.

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Amgen Institute, 620 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C1, Canada.


Integrin-mediated adhesion is essential for the formation of stable contacts between T cells and antigen-presenting cells (APCs). We show that Vav1 controls integrin-mediated adhesion of thymocytes and T cells to ECM proteins and ICAM1 following TCR stimulation. In a peptide-specific system, Vav1 is required for T cell adhesion to peptide-loaded APCs. Intriguingly, TCR-induced cell adhesion and aggregation of integrins occurs independent of WASP. Whereas LFA-1 and actin caps colocalize in wasp(-/-) T cells in response to TCR stimulation, loss of WASP uncouples TCR caps from actin patches. Our data reveal a novel role for Vav1 and WASP in the regulation of TCR-induced integrin clustering and cell adhesion and show that integrin and TCR clustering are controlled by distinct pathways.

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