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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Feb 13;1589(1):15-30.

Upregulation by retinoic acid of transforming growth factor-beta-stimulated heat shock protein 27 induction in osteoblasts: involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinases.

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Department of Pharmacology, Gifu University School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan.


We investigated whether transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) stimulates the induction of heat shock protein (HSP) 27 and HSP70 in osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells and the mechanism underlying the induction. TGF-beta increased the level of HSP27 but had no effect on the HSP70 level. TGF-beta stimulated the accumulation of HSP27 dose-dependently, and induced an increase in the level of mRNA for HSP27. TGF-beta induced the phosphorylation of p44/p42 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase and p38 MAP kinase. The HSP27 accumulation induced by TGF-beta was significantly suppressed by PD98059, an inhibitor of the upstream kinase of p44/p42 MAP kinase, or SB203580, an inhibitor of p38 MAP kinase. PD98059 and SB203580 suppressed the TGF-beta-stimulated increase in the level of mRNA for HSP27. Retinoic acid, a vitamin A (retinol) metabolite, which alone had little effect on the HSP27 level, markedly enhanced the HSP27 accumulation stimulated by TGF-beta. Retinoic acid enhanced the TGF-beta-induced increase of mRNA for HSP27. The amplification of TGF-beta-stimulated HSP27 accumulation by retinoic acid was reduced by PD98059 or SB203580. Retinoic acid failed to affect the TGF-beta-induced phosphorylation of p44/p42 MAP kinase or p38 MAP kinase. These results strongly suggest that p44/p42 MAP kinase and p38 MAP kinase take part in the pathways of the TGF-beta-stimulated HSP27 induction in osteoblasts, and that retinoic acid upregulates the TGF-beta-stimulated HSP27 induction at a point downstream from p44/p42 MAP kinase and p38 MAP kinase.

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