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Phys Rev Lett. 2002 Mar 18;88(11):117002. Epub 2002 Feb 28.

Superconductivity in the two-dimensional t-J model.

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Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia, and SISSA, I-34014 Trieste, Italy.


Using computational techniques, it is shown that pairing is a robust property of hole-doped antiferromagnetic insulators. In one dimension and for two-leg ladder systems, a BCS-like variational wave function with long-bond spin singlets and a Jastrow factor provides an accurate representation of the ground state of the t-J model, even though strong quantum fluctuations destroy the off-diagonal superconducting long-range order in this case. However, in two dimensions it is argued-and numerically confirmed using several techniques, especially quantum Monte Carlo-that quantum fluctuations are not strong enough to suppress superconductivity.

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