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J Gen Virol. 2002 Apr;83(Pt 4):937-43.

Transcriptional mapping of two genes encoding baculovirus envelope-associated proteins.

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Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331-3804, USA.


Genes encoding two representatives of the LD130 family of baculovirus envelope-associated proteins were transcriptionally mapped. These included ld130, which encodes a low pH-induced envelope fusion protein of the Lymantria dispar multinucleocapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus, and op21, which is related to ld130 but is encoded by Orgyia pseudotsugata MNPV and appears to lack an envelope fusion activity. The size and temporal expression of mRNA of both genes were examined by Northern blot analysis of RNA extracted from infected cells at selected timepoints. In addition, 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) in combination with DNA sequence analysis was used to map the start sites of mRNA. Ld130 predominantly utilized its early promoter at 24 h post-infection but by 72 h post-infection ld130 expression was almost exclusively from its late promoter. In contrast, op21 was expressed predominantly from its early promoter throughout the timecourse, even though a consensus late promoter sequence was present within 100 bp of the translation start codon. A significant fraction of late transcripts that mapped to op21 were spliced transcripts originating in the op18 gene region. The 3' termini of the transcripts were also mapped using 3' RACE.

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