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J Gen Virol. 2002 Apr;83(Pt 4):847-54.

Human herpesvirus-6 rep/U94 gene product has single-stranded DNA-binding activity.

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Department of Microbiology, Osaka University Medical School, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.


The characterization is reported of the human herpesvirus-6B (HHV-6B) rep/U94 gene, which is a homologue of the adeno-associated virus type 2 rep. In this study, a monoclonal antibody was produced against HHV-6B REP (anti-REP mAb). Immunofluorescence staining using the anti-REP mAb showed that REP was localized to the nucleus in HHV-6-infected MT4 cells. It was first detected at 24 h post-infection (p.i.) and accumulated to higher levels by 72 h p.i. REP may be expressed only at very low levels in HHV-6-infected cells: even when the late protein glycoprotein H was detected in nearly 90% of HHV-6-infected cells, REP was detected in only a small percentage of them. Western blot analysis showed that the anti-REP mAb recognized a 56-kDa polypeptide in HHV-6B-infected MT4 cells. Furthermore, the REP protein was shown to bind single-stranded DNA.

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