Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Breast J. 2001 Sep-Oct;7(5):292-302.

In situ duct carcinoma of the breast: clinical and histopathologic factors and association with recurrent carcinoma.

Author information

Department of Pathology, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


There has been a recent increase in the diagnosis of in situ duct carcinoma of the breast (DCIS) as a result of mammographic screening. DCIS is heterogeneous in appearance and likely in prognosis. There is no generally accepted model to predict progression to invasive carcinoma. We investigated the prognostic effect of clinical presentation and pathologic factors for women diagnosed with primary DCIS. A cohort of 124 patients was accrued between 1979 and 1994 and was followed to 1997; 78 had DCIS detected mammographically, and 88 underwent lumpectomy alone. In this article, we provide details about characteristics affecting the choice of primary therapeutic modality, and we examine the effects of factors on progression for the two patient subgroups. Presentation with bloody nipple discharge was associated with a significant increase in DCIS recurrence (p=0.07). The pattern of duct distribution was important: DCIS in which the involved ducts were more widely separated had a significantly greater recurrence of DCIS than when the involved ducts were more concentrated (p=0.08 for mammographically detected DCIS, p=0.07 for patients who underwent lumpectomy alone). For mammographically detected DCIS, younger patients had more DCIS recurrence (p=0.07). We found considerable heterogeneity in nuclear grade; 50% of patients exhibited more than one grade. Nuclear grade, necrosis, and architecture were not significantly associated with either recurrence of DCIS or development of invasive carcinoma. Longer follow-up will allow further evaluation of the prognostic relevance of the factors assessed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center