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A spectroscopic study of the fluorescence quenching interactions between biomedically important salts and the fluorescent probe merocyanine 540.

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Institut de Topologie et de Dynamique des Systèmes, Associé au CNRS, UPRESA 7086, Université Paris 7 Denis Diderot, France.


The effects of several biologically important inorganic salts, including NaCl, NaI, NaBr, KCl, MgCl2, MgSO4 and CaCl2 on the electronic absorption and fluorescence spectra of Merocyanine 540 (MC-540) have been investigated in aqueous media at 25 degrees C. Depending on both the MC-540 concentration and the nature of salt, a new absorption band appears at about 515 nm, above the critical salt concentration (CSC), corresponding to salt-induced MC-540 aggregation. Several types of MC-540 fluorescence quenching by the salts are observed, according to their cationic charge and the nature of anion: in the case of monovalent ions (Na+, K+), a non-linear Stern-Volmer behaviour is observed, indicating variable contributions of dynamic and static quenching mechanisms, whereas for divalent alkaline-earth (Mg2+, Ca2+) ions, linear Stern-Volmer relationships are obtained. Using these results, an analytical quenchofluorimetric approach is proposed for the determination of magnesium ions.

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