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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Mar;186(3):579-83.

Does chorionicity or zygosity predict adverse perinatal outcomes in twins?

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate chorionicity and zygosity as risk factors for adverse perinatal outcomes in twins.

STUDY DESIGN:

A population-based, retrospective cohort study was conducted of all twin deliveries in Nova Scotia, Canada, from 1988 to 1997. Chorionicity was established by histologic examination. Zygosity was determined by chorionicity, sex, and infant blood group. Three groups were established: monochorionic/monozygotic twins, dichorionic/dizygotic twins, and dichorionic/majority monozygotic twins.

RESULTS:

Outcomes from 1008 twin pregnancies were analyzed. Monochorionic/monozygotic twins had lower mean birth weights compared with dichorionic/dizygotic twins. Rates of perinatal mortality of at least 1 twin were significantly higher among monochorionic/monozygotic twins relative to dichorionic/dizygotic twins (relative risk, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.5). Dichorionic/majority monozygotic twins had similar perinatal outcomes compared with dichorionic/dizygotic twins.

CONCLUSION:

Monochorionicity increases the risk of adverse perinatal outcome, whereas the effect of zygosity is less clear. Because chorionicity can be determined by prenatal ultrasound scanning, this information should be considered in the prenatal care of twin pregnancies.

PMID:
11904627
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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