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Physiol Plant. 2002 Feb;114(2):157-164.

Changes in the activities of antioxidant enzymes in response to virus infection and hormone treatment.

Author information

1
Department of Botany, University of Otago, P. O. Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand Institute of Molecular BioSciences, Massey University, Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North, New Zealand. Present address: National Institute of Biological Standard and Control, Blanche Lane, South Mimms, Hertfordshire EN6 3QG, UK.

Abstract

Activities of enzymes involved in the detoxification of reactive oxygen species (catalase, glutathione reductase, peroxidase and superoxide dismutase (SOD)) were examined in the leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L. var. Top Crop treated with plant hormones and infected with a non-lesion-forming isolate of white clover mosaic potexvirus (WClMV). The activities of catalase, glutathione reductase and SOD rapidly declined after infection while peroxidase activity was enhanced. These changes occurred before the rapid increase (5 days) in WClMV replication. A mild chlorosis appeared 7-10 days after inoculation but necrosis was never observed on inoculated leaves. Plants treated with dihydrozeatin, salicylic acid and jasmonic acid prior to WClMV inoculation showed elevated catalase, glutathione reductase, and peroxidase activity, while SOD activities remained the same as in water-treated controls. These treatments all inhibited virus replication with enzyme activities remaining near control levels. We propose that a decline in free radical scavenging capacity may be required before a rapid increase in virus replication can take place. Treatments increasing the ability of the plant to scavenge reactive oxygen species may hinder virus replication. A possible role for reactive oxygen species as a requirement for virus replication is discussed.

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