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Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2002 Feb;27(1):61-7.

HLA associations with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Southern Chinese: a meta-analysis.

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Department of Otolaryngology, Green Lane Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand.


The literature relating to human leucocyte antigens (HLA) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) identifies conflicting ranges of possible allelic associations. We aimed to clarify this by conducting a systematic review to identify and quantify associations present across all of the available studies. A literature search was performed and, subsequently, a meta-analysis was performed on 13 published studies using both fixed-effects and random-effects models when appropriate. Evidence for positive associations between NPC and the HLA alleles A2, B14 and B46 (P = 1.57 x 10-5, 1.13 x 10-3 and 6.38 x 10-5 respectively) were found, and negative associations were identified for the alleles A11, B13 and B22 (P = 5.42 x 10-3, 0.017 and 0.009). Whereas an association between HLA-B13 or B22 and NPC has not been noted previously, the results for HLA-A2, A11, B14 and B46 are in accordance with published studies. There is evidence that specific allele subtypes or combinations of alleles may carry particular risk for NPC.

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