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Cell Immunol. 2001 Nov 25;214(1):81-8.

Interleukin-10 contributes development of macrophage suppressor activities by macrophage colony-stimulating factor, but not by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor.

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Department of Bacterial and Blood Products, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, 208-0011, Japan.


Macrophages are known to possess suppressor activities in immune responses. To determine the effects of GM-CSF and M-CSF on the expression of macrophage suppressor activities, monocyte-derived macrophages cultured with GM-CSF (GM-Mphis) were compared with those cultured with M-CSF (M-Mphis) for antigen-specific proliferation and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production by lymphocytes. Both GM-Mphis and M-Mphis equally suppressed lymphocyte proliferation, but only M-Mphis suppressed IFN-gamma production in response to purified protein derivative (PPD). M-Mphis, but not GM-Mphis, released IL-10 not only in the course of macrophage differentiation but also in response to PPD after maturation to macrophages. From the results that (i) exogenous IL-10 suppressed IFN-gamma production, but not proliferation of lymphocytes, and that (ii) neutralizing antibody to IL-10 reversed suppressor activities of M-Mphis on IFN-gamma production, but not lymphocyte proliferation, it appeared that IL-10 was the major factor responsible for suppression of IFN-gamma production. Thus, these results suggest that only M-CSF augments IL-10-dependent suppressor activity of macrophages on IFN-gamma production and that both GM-CSF and M-CSF induce IL-10-independent macrophage suppressor activity on lymphocyte proliferation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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