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Nat Rev Cancer. 2002 Jan;2(1):48-58.

Multidrug resistance in cancer: role of ATP-dependent transporters.

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Laboratory of Cell Biology and Cancer Therapeutics Branch, The Center for Cancer Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Chemotherapeutics are the most effective treatment for metastatic tumours. However, the ability of cancer cells to become simultaneously resistant to different drugs--a trait known as multidrug resistance--remains a significant impediment to successful chemotherapy. Three decades of multidrug-resistance research have identified a myriad of ways in which cancer cells can elude chemotherapy, and it has become apparent that resistance exists against every effective drug, even our newest agents. Therefore, the ability to predict and circumvent drug resistance is likely to improve chemotherapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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