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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2002 Mar 20;39(6):957-62.

Plasma oxidized low-density lipoprotein as a prognostic predictor in patients with chronic congestive heart failure.

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First Department of Internal Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Tsukinowa, Seta, Otsu, Japan.



The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between plasma oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), a marker of oxidative stress, and the prognosis of patients with chronic congestive heart failure (CHF).


Oxidative stress appears to play a role in the pathophysiology of CHF. We have recently reported the usefulness of plasma oxLDL as a marker of oxidative stress in CHF patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.


We measured the plasma level of oxLDL by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a specific monoclonal antibody against oxLDL in 18 age-matched normal subjects and in 84 patients with chronic CHF (New York Heart Association functional class II to IV) and monitored them prospectively for a mean follow-up period of 780 days.


Plasma oxLDL level was significantly higher in severe CHF patients than in control subjects and mild CHF patients. A significant negative correlation existed between the plasma level of oxLDL and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and a significant positive correlation between the plasma level of oxLDL and plasma norepinephrine level. Twenty-six patients had cardiac events; 14 had cardiac death and 12 were hospitalized for heart failure or other cardiovascular events. Among 10 variables including LVEF and neurohumoral factors, only high plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide and oxLDL were shown to be independent predictors of mortality.


These results indicate that the plasma level of oxLDL is a useful predictor of mortality in patients with CHF, suggesting that oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathophysiology of CHF.

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