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J Neurosci Methods. 2002 Mar 30;115(1):67-75.

Analysis of phase-locked oscillations in multi-channel single-unit spike activity with wavelet cross-spectrum.

Author information

1
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA. dlee@cvs.rochester.edu

Abstract

Electrophysiological measures of neural activity frequently display oscillatory patterns at various frequencies. Furthermore, these oscillatory patterns can become dynamically synchronized across a wide region of the brain in a task-dependent manner. In this study, phase-locked oscillations in simultaneously recorded spike trains were analyzed using the wavelet cross-spectrum. Adaptation of the existent methods of calculating wavelet cross-spectrum to spike train data was straightforward. In contrast, new methods were needed for evaluating the statistical significance of the cross-spectrum. Although a permutation test based on a large number of re-sampled cross-spectra can provide a reliable estimate of statistical significance, this was quite time-consuming. As an alternative, statistical significance was determined with a normal probability density function estimated from a small number of re-sampled cross-spectra. When applied to neuron pairs recorded in the primate supplementary motor area, the re-sampling procedure produced a reliable outcome even when it was based on as few as ten re-sampled cross-spectra. These results suggest that the wavelet analysis in combination with a re-sampling procedure provides a useful tool to examine the dynamic patterns of temporal correlation in cortical spike trains.

PMID:
11897365
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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