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J Neurosci Methods. 2002 Mar 30;115(1):67-75.

Analysis of phase-locked oscillations in multi-channel single-unit spike activity with wavelet cross-spectrum.

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Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA.


Electrophysiological measures of neural activity frequently display oscillatory patterns at various frequencies. Furthermore, these oscillatory patterns can become dynamically synchronized across a wide region of the brain in a task-dependent manner. In this study, phase-locked oscillations in simultaneously recorded spike trains were analyzed using the wavelet cross-spectrum. Adaptation of the existent methods of calculating wavelet cross-spectrum to spike train data was straightforward. In contrast, new methods were needed for evaluating the statistical significance of the cross-spectrum. Although a permutation test based on a large number of re-sampled cross-spectra can provide a reliable estimate of statistical significance, this was quite time-consuming. As an alternative, statistical significance was determined with a normal probability density function estimated from a small number of re-sampled cross-spectra. When applied to neuron pairs recorded in the primate supplementary motor area, the re-sampling procedure produced a reliable outcome even when it was based on as few as ten re-sampled cross-spectra. These results suggest that the wavelet analysis in combination with a re-sampling procedure provides a useful tool to examine the dynamic patterns of temporal correlation in cortical spike trains.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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