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J Biol Chem. 2002 May 31;277(22):19800-5. Epub 2002 Mar 13.

Integrin activation involves a conformational change in the alpha 1 helix of the beta subunit A-domain.

Author information

1
Wellcome Trust Centre for Cell-Matrix Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, United Kingdom. paul.mould@man.ac.uk

Abstract

The ligand-binding region of integrin beta subunits contains a von Willebrand factor type A-domain: an alpha/beta "Rossmann" fold containing a metal ion-dependent adhesion site (MIDAS) on its top face. Although there is evidence to suggest that the betaA-domain undergoes changes in tertiary structure during receptor activation, the identity of the secondary structure elements that change position is unknown. The mAb 12G10 recognizes a unique cation-regulated epitope on the beta(1) A-domain, induction of which parallels the activation state of the integrin (i.e. competency for ligand recognition). The ability of Mn(2+) and Mg(2+) to stimulate 12G10 binding is abrogated by mutation of the MIDAS motif, demonstrating that the MIDAS is a Mn(2+)/Mg(2+) binding site and that occupancy of this site induces conformational changes in the A-domain. The cation-regulated region of the 12G10 epitope maps to Arg(154)/Arg(155) in the alpha1 helix. Our results demonstrate that the alpha1 helix undergoes conformational alterations during integrin activation and suggest that Mn(2+) acts as a potent activator of beta(1) integrins because it can promote a shift in the position of this helix. The mechanism of beta subunit A-domain activation appears to be distinct from that of the A-domains found in some integrin alpha subunits.

PMID:
11893752
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M201571200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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