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Psychol Sci. 2002 Jan;13(1):64-7.

Second thoughts versus second looks: an age-related deficit in reflectively refreshing just-activated information.

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1
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8205, USA. marcia.johnson@yale.edu

Abstract

Age-related deficits in memory are greater as encoding and retrieval tasks require more reflective (self-generated or executive) processing. One problem in developing more specific models of age-related changes in cognition is that the tasks studied tend to be complex and vary in the combinations of component cognitive processes they recruit. Here we report an age-related deficit in one of the most elementary, but critical, components of reflection: refreshing a just-activated representation. Impairment in such a process potentially has a wide-ranging impact on all higher-order cognition.

PMID:
11892780
DOI:
10.1111/1467-9280.00411
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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