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J Cell Biochem. 2002;85(1):219-28.

Immunohistochemical localization of type 2 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor to the nucleus of different mammalian cells.

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Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Université de Sherbrooke, 3001, 12th Avenue North, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada.


The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) is a ligand-gated Ca2+ channel responsible for the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores in the response of a wide variety of cells to external stimuli. Molecular cloning studies have revealed the existence of three types of InsP3R encoded by distinct genes. In the study presented here, we used selective anti-InsP3R antibodies to determine the intracellular location of each InsP3R subtype in bovine aortic endothelial cells, bovine adrenal glomerulosa cells, and COS-7 cells. InsP3R1 was found to be widely distributed throughout the cytosol and most abundantly in the perinuclear region identified as the endoplasmic reticulum (co-localization with protein disulfide isomerase). The intracellular location of InsP3R3 was similar to that of InsP3R1. Surprisingly, InsP3R2 was found mostly associated to the cell nucleus. This observation was made with two antibodies recognizing different epitopes on InsP3R2. Binding studies revealed the presence of a high affinity-binding site for [3H] InsP3 on purified nuclei from bovine adrenal cortex. Confocal images showed that InsP3R2 was not confined to the nuclear envelope but was distributed relatively uniformly within the nucleus. Our results demonstrate that the three types of InsP3R are not similarly distributed within a specific cell type. Our results also suggest the existence of an intranuclear membrane network on which InsP3R2 is abundantly expressed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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