Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neurology. 2002 Mar 12;58(5):773-9.

Early detection and longitudinal changes in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis by (1)H MRSI.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, University of California at San Francisco, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine 1) the reproducibility of metabolite measurements by (1)H MRS in the motor cortex; 2) the extent to which (1)H MRS imaging (MRSI) detects abnormal concentrations of N-acetylaspartate (NAA)-, choline (Cho)-, and creatine (Cre)-containing compounds in early stages of ALS; and 3) the metabolite changes over time in ALS.

METHODS:

Sixteen patients with definite or probable ALS, 12 with possible or suspected ALS, and 12 healthy controls underwent structural MRI and multislice (1)H MRSI. (1)H MRSI data were coregistered with tissue-segmented MRI data to obtain concentrations of NAA, Cre, and Cho in the left and right motor cortex and in gray matter and white matter of nonmotor regions in the brain.

RESULTS:

The interclass correlation coefficient of NAA was 0.53 in the motor cortex tissue and 0.83 in nonmotor cortex tissue. When cross-sectional data for patients were compared with those for controls, the NAA/(Cre + Cho) ratio in the motor cortex region was significantly reduced, primarily due to increases in Cre and Cho and a decrease in NAA concentrations. A similar, although not significant, trend of increased Cho and Cre and reduced NAA levels was also observed for patients with possible or suspected ALS. Furthermore, in longitudinal studies, decreases in NAA, Cre, and Cho concentrations were detected in motor cortex but not in nonmotor regions in ALS.

CONCLUSION:

Metabolite changes measured by (1)H MRSI may provide a surrogate marker of ALS that can aid detection of early disease and monitor progression and treatment response.

PMID:
11889242
PMCID:
PMC2733360
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center