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Vet Microbiol. 2002 Apr 22;86(1-2):89-94.

Temporary disturbance of actin stress fibers in swine kidney cells during pseudorabies virus infection.

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Laboratory of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820, Merelbeke, Belgium.


Rounding and loosening of cells is a consequence of infection with pseudorabies virus (PrV), both in vitro and in vivo. These changes in the normal structure of the cell may be the result of cytoskeletal changes. Immunofluorescence staining of actin filaments and microtubule bundles was performed to examine whether PrV induces a reorganization of these cytoskeletal components in infected swine kidney (SK) cells. Every 2h until 12h post-inoculation (p.i.), cells were washed in cytoskeleton stabilizing buffer (CSB), fixed with paraformaldehyde and washed again with CSB. Cells were permeabilized with a 1/1000 dilution of Triton X-100 and actin filaments were stained by incubating cells with phalloidin-Texas Red. Staining of microtubules was done by incubating the cells subsequently with mouse monoclonal anti-alpha-tubulin and goat anti-mouse IgG-FITC. During the course of infection, actin fibers of SK cells were rearranged in the following sequence: (1) disappearance of thick actin stress fibers between 4 and 6h p.i., (2) complete loss of stress fibers between 6 and 8h p.i., and (3) reappearance of thin stress fibers starting from 10h p.i. In contrast to herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) or equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV1), PrV infection did not induce changes in the cellular microtubule network. PrV infection induces a temporary disassembly of actin stress fibers.

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