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Biochemistry. 2002 Mar 19;41(11):3613-9.

The N-terminal extension of rusticyanin is not responsible for its acid stability.

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Synchrotron Radiation Department, CCLRC Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington, Cheshire WA4 4AD, UK.


The N-terminal extension of rusticyanin is a unique structural feature of this protein in the cupredoxin family and has been speculated to be responsible for the extreme acid stability of the protein. We have removed the 35 residues from the N-terminus and show that the resulting -35 mutant is insoluble in aqueous media above pH 5.0 and exists primarily in a hexameric form at lower pHs. Synchrotron radiation circular dichroism (SRCD) and solution X-ray scattering data indicate that much of the beta-sheet structure is retained in acidic solution and indeed there is a small but significant increase in the beta-sheet contribution. We suggest this to be a result of beta-sheet formation between the monomer interfaces. The mutant does not bind copper. These results provide evidence that the unique N-terminus of rusticyanin is not responsible for the acid stability of the hydrophobic beta-barrel core of the protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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