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Space Med Med Eng (Beijing). 2001 Dec;14(6):434-8.

[Experimental study on ergonomical color matching design of virtual crew cabin layout in manned spacecraft].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

Institute of Space Medico-Engineering, Beijing, China.



To approach general principles of color matching for crew module layout and to provide its ergonomical evaluation with basic data.


First, according to some ergonomic rules a virtual reality experimental system was set up, then 64 subjects of different ages and with some background of spaceflight were offered a color matching example according to their own choice in advance. Finally, all the hues, saturations, and lightnesses of the selected colors and their total number were statistically analyzed by SPSS 8.0 software.


After choosing the colors for items (standard cabinets, floor, handrails, supports and etc.) in the crew cabin, the mean kinds of color hue matching in the cockpit was 5. In addition, above half of subjects endorsed the example colors but its saturation and lightness were a little higher than those of the example every time. Although its distribution was discrete, there still was a common agreement on color matching (about 50%).


When the color matching of crew module in long time flight was ergonomically designed, generally, cool and warm hues should be taken into consideration, and their total number need be controlled to be under 5 so as to satisfy human psychological characters.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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