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Nat Cell Biol. 2002 Apr;4(4):271-8.

Identification of an organelle receptor for myosin-Va.

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1
Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

Little is known about how molecular motors bind to their vesicular cargo. Here we show that myosin-Va, an actin-based vesicle motor, binds to one of its cargoes, the melanosome, by interacting with a receptor-protein complex containing Rab27a and melanophilin, a postulated Rab27a effector. Rab27a binds to the melanosome first and then recruits melanophilin, which in turn recruits myosin-Va. Melanophilin creates this link by binding to Rab27a in a GTP-dependent fashion through its amino terminus, and to myosin-Va through its carboxy terminus. Moreover, this latter interaction, similar to the ability of myosin-Va to colocalize with melanosomes and influence their distribution in vivo, is absolutely dependent on the presence of exon-F, an alternatively spliced exon in the myosin-Va tail. These results provide the first molecular description of an organelle receptor for an actin-based motor, illustrate how alternate exon usage can be used to specify cargo, and further expand the functional repertoire of Rab GTPases and their effectors.

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PMID:
11887186
DOI:
10.1038/ncb760
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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