Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2002 May 17;277(20):17845-51. Epub 2002 Mar 7.

S phase and meristem-specific expression of the tobacco RNR1b gene is mediated by an E2F element located in the 5' leader sequence.

Author information

  • 1Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes du CNRS, Université Louis Pasteur, 12 rue du Général Zimmer, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France.


The RB/E2F pathway is involved in the control of the G(1)/S transition of the eukaryotic cell cycle where various S phase genes are activated by specific E2F factors. Ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) plays an essential role in the DNA synthesis pathway. Earlier studies showed that there are at least two RNR1 genes (RNR1a and RNR1b) and one RNR2 gene in tobacco. In synchronized tobacco BY2 cells, RNR1b gene expression is at its highest level in S phase. To investigate transcriptional regulation of the RNR1b gene, its promoter region was cloned and sequenced. Unlike its animal counterparts, the tobacco RNR1b promoter contains a consensus E2F-binding site. Surprisingly, this site is found in the leader sequence of the gene. We show here by gel shift analysis and antibody competition that one nuclear complex specifically binds this motif, and an E2F factor is part of this complex. Using reporter gene analysis, tobacco RNR1b promoter activity was detected during S phase in synchronized cells and in plant meristematic tissues. Mutation of the E2F element substantially reduced both activities. For the first time in plants, a single E2F motif found in the leader sequence plays an important role in the meristem and S phase-specific expression of the tobacco RNR1b gene.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center