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J Physiol. 2002 Mar 1;539(Pt 2):445-58.

Dissociation of the store-operated calcium current I(CRAC) and the Mg-nucleotide-regulated metal ion current MagNuM.

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Laboratory of Cell and Molecular Signaling, Center for Biomedical Research at The Queen's Medical Center and John A. Burns School of Medicine at the University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA.


Rat basophilic leukaemia cells (RBL-2H3-M1) were used to study the characteristics of the store-operated Ca(2+) release-activated Ca(2+) current (I(CRAC)) and the magnesium-nucleotide-regulated metal cation current (MagNuM) (which is conducted by the LTRPC7 channel). Pipette solutions containing 10 mM BAPTA and no added ATP induced both currents in the same cell, but the time to half-maximal activation for MagNuM was about two to three times slower than that of I(CRAC). Differential suppression of I(CRAC) was achieved by buffering free [Ca(2+)](i) to 90 nM and selective inhibition of MagNuM was accomplished by intracellular solutions containing 6 mM Mg.ATP, 1.2 mM free [Mg(2+)](i) or 100 microM GTP-gamma-S, allowing investigations on these currents in relative isolation. Removal of extracellular Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) caused both currents to be carried significantly by monovalent ions. In the absence or presence of free [Mg(2+)](i), I(CRAC) carried by monovalent ions inactivated more rapidly and more completely than MagNuM carried by monovalent ions. Since several studies have used divalent-free solutions on either side of the membrane to study selectivity and single-channel behaviour of I(CRAC), these experimental conditions would have favoured the contribution of MagNuM to monovalent conductance and call for caution in interpreting results where both I(CRAC) and MagNuM are activated.

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